Artificial dental implants consist on the one hand of the actual implant and the crown. The dental implant is inserted into the jawbone and forms the tooth root replacement. The crown, on the other hand, is the actual artificial tooth that is placed on the implant.
The dental implant is either completely or partially made of ceramic (in this case there is metal inside the crown and the ceramic layer outside), since ceramic has a high level of biocompatibility. This means that the material behaves neutrally in the body and the risk of allergic or toxic reactions is extremely low.
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How are the crowns used?
The crowns are placed on the actual dental implants. As already described, the crowns are not the actual dental implants, but are only attached to them.
The first step is to anchor the zirconium oxide or titanium dental implants in the jawbone. After a three to five month healing phase, the crowns or bridges can then be placed:
An implant post is screwed onto the implant as an implant neck, after which the implant crown can be anchored. If several teeth are missing in a row, bridges must be used, as two dental implants should not be placed next to each other.
Imagine that three teeth are missing next to each other. A dental implant would now be inserted into the jawbone of the two outer tooth gaps. A row of three crowns would be attached to this, which would be attached to the two external dental implants. So you don’t have a dental implant in the middle tooth gap and you can still place a crown through the bridge.
Dental crowns are one of the most common treatments and are used when one’s own teeth have broken off or have been severely damaged by tooth decay and fillings would no longer be sufficient as a treatment. The crown thus restores a large part of the tooth.
On the one hand, there are replacement crowns, which are attached if your own tooth crown is severely damaged. There are also protective crowns to protect the inside of the tooth after severe degradation of tooth enamel and anchoring crowns that come into play when anchoring dentures. Also there’s a special shape like the telescopic crown, through which a prosthesis (secondary crown) is attached to the inner tooth crown (primary crown).
Crowns can also be distinguished between partial crowns, e.g. only cover the chewing surfaces and full crowns that replace the complete natural tooth crowns.
This depends on the load on the crown. So-called full cast crowns are used in the back of the mouth for molars and are made of metal to withstand daily chewing and talking movements. Veneer crowns, which are also made of metal and are coated with a plastic coating that is adapted to the tooth color, offer another option in order to adapt them to the rest of the tooth appearance. In addition, crowns can also be made entirely of ceramic, which increases the thickness of the crown and the own tooth has to be removed more to create the required space
As a rule, a special cement is used for hold. With ceramics, the crowns are attached with a plastic adhesive. For crowns that completely replace a tooth and the tooth stump is no longer sufficient as a holder, post teeth are fixed in the tooth with plastic.